The Bet din almost never rejects converts outright. In general, its decision will be one of the following:
1. If the bet din decides that you are not yet ready to convert, it will tell you so, highlight the areas which need improvement, suggest how to make improvements, and offer to schedule a new interview a few months hence. Sometimes, you will be given certain study assignments for the interim period. You may be allowed to complete other requirements during this period, such as brit milah, with the consent of the bet din.
2. If the bet din decides you may convert, it will inform you that ‘we have decided to accept you’, wish you ‘b’shaah tovah’, and ‘welcome to the Jewish nation’. This is generally a very emotional, and sometimes tearful moment. In some instances, you will be asked to stand and make the following declaration of your loyalty to the Jewish religion and your commitment to observe the commandments:
I, hereby, accept upon myself to observe and fulfill all the commandments of the Torah, all the commandments of the Sages, and all the valid customs of the Jewish nation, and I believe in the one God.
“אֲנִי מְקָבֵּל/ת עַל עַצְמִי לִשְׁמֹר וְלְקַיֵּם אֶת כָּל מִצְוֹת הַתּוֹרָה,
אֶת כָּל מִצְוֹת הַחֲכָמִים וְאֶת כָּל הַמִנְהָגִים הַכְּשֵׁרִים שֶׁל עַם יִשְׂרָאֵל
וְאֲנִי מַאֱמִין/נָה בְּהַשֵּׁם אֶחָד”.
If you prefer, you may recite this declaration in a different language, assuming there is a suitable translator present.
Afterwards, the bet din will ask you to cover your eyes with your right hand, as you do during prayer, and declare the unity of God:
“Hear O Israel, the Lord our God, the Lord is One” (Deuteronomy 6:4)
(שְׁמַע יִשְׂרָאֵל, אֲדֹנָי אֱלֹהֵינוּ אֲדֹנָי אֶחָד” (דברים ו 4